Lien :
https://www.programmersought.com/article/18163878814/
https://virtuallyfun.com/wordpress/2019/04/22/installing-aix-on-qemu/

1/ Création du répertoire de travail.

util01@station66:~$ mkdir -p VIRTU/AIX
util01@station66:~$ cd VIRTU/AIX/
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ 

2/ Téléchargement des images iso de AIX 5.1

Lien :
https://winworldpc.com/product/aix/51

util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ wget -c https://dl.winworldpc.com/IBM%20AIX%205.1-3%20\(LCD4_1061_06\)%20\(ISO\)%20\[PPC\]%20Volume%201.7z
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ wget -c https://dl.winworldpc.com/IBM%20AIX%205.1-3%20\(LCD4_1061_06\)%20\(ISO\)%20\[PPC\]%20Volume%202.7z
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ wget -c https://dl.winworldpc.com/IBM%20AIX%205.1-3%20\(LCD4_1061_06\)%20\(ISO\)%20\[PPC\]%20Volume%203.7z
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ wget -c https://dl.winworldpc.com/IBM%20AIX%205.1-3%20\(LCD4_1061_06\)%20\(ISO\)%20\[PPC\]%20Volume%204.7z
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ wget -c https://dl.winworldpc.com/IBM%20AIX%205.1-3%20\(LCD4_1061_06\)%20\(ISO\)%20\[PPC\]%20Volume%205.7z

3/ Décompression des archives.

util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ 7z e IBM\ AIX\ 5.1-3\ \(LCD4_1061_06\)\ \(ISO\)\ \[PPC\]\ Volume\ 1.7z 
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ 7z e IBM\ AIX\ 5.1-3\ \(LCD4_1061_06\)\ \(ISO\)\ \[PPC\]\ Volume\ 2.7z 
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ 7z e IBM\ AIX\ 5.1-3\ \(LCD4_1061_06\)\ \(ISO\)\ \[PPC\]\ Volume\ 3.7z 
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ 7z e IBM\ AIX\ 5.1-3\ \(LCD4_1061_06\)\ \(ISO\)\ \[PPC\]\ Volume\ 4.7z 
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ 7z e IBM\ AIX\ 5.1-3\ \(LCD4_1061_06\)\ \(ISO\)\ \[PPC\]\ Volume\ 5.7z 
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ ls -lh *.iso
-rw-rw-r-- 1 util01 util01 612M avril 26  2018 VOLUME1.iso
-rw-rw-r-- 1 util01 util01 614M avril 26  2018 VOLUME2.iso
-rw-rw-r-- 1 util01 util01 602M avril 26  2018 VOLUME3.iso
-rw-rw-r-- 1 util01 util01 560M avril 26  2018 VOLUME4.iso
-rw-rw-r-- 1 util01 util01 641M avril 26  2018 VOLUME5.iso

4/ Téléchargement de Qemu.

util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ git clone --branch 40p-20190406-aix-boots --single-branch https://github.com/artyom-tarasenko/qemu.git
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ cd qemu/
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX/qemu$ 

5/ Configuration de la compilation.

util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX/qemu$ ./configure --target-list=ppc-softmmu --disable-sdl --disable-vnc --disable-gtk --python=python2.7

Ouvrir :

config-host.mak

Chercher et supprimer :

CONFIG_AUDIO_DRIVERS=oss
CONFIG_AUDIO_OSS=m
6/ Compilation.
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX/qemu$ make -j4
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX/qemu$ cd ..
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ 

7/ Téléchargement du micrologiciel pour démarrer AIX.

util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ wget https://github.com/artyom-tarasenko/openfirmware/releases/download/40p-20190413/q40pofw-serial.rom

8/ Création d'un disque virtuel de 10 Go.

util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ ./qemu/qemu-img create -f qcow2 aix5-hdd.qcow2 16G
Formatting 'aix5-hdd.qcow2', fmt=qcow2 size=17179869184 cluster_size=65536 lazy_refcounts=off refcount_bits=16

9/ 1er démarrage de AIX.

util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ ./qemu/ppc-softmmu/qemu-system-ppc -m 128 -M 40p -bios q40pofw-serial.rom -serial telnet::4441,server -hda aix5-hdd.qcow2 -vga none -nographic -net none -cdrom VOLUME1.iso
QEMU 3.0.92 monitor - type 'help' for more information
(qemu) qemu-system-ppc: -serial telnet::4441,server: info: QEMU waiting for connection on: disconnected:telnet:0.0.0.0:4441,server

10/ Installation du système via Telnet.

Dans un autre terminal :

util01@station66:~$ telnet 192.168.1.12 4441
Trying 192.168.1.12...
Connected to 192.168.1.12.
Escape character is '^]'.

Type 'i' to interrupt stand-init sequence
First stand-init:
Calibrate
...
Nothing there
scsi disk tape 
QEMU PReP/40p, Serial #0, 128 MiB memory installed
Open Firmware, built  April 13, 2019 09:29:23
Copyright (c) 1995-2000, FirmWorks.
Copyright (c) 2014,2017,2019 Artyom Tarasenko.

Type any key to interrupt automatic startup
Boot device: /pci/ethernet  Arguments: 

Can't open boot device

ok 
ok .partitions cdrom

Soit :

Partition  Region   Boot  Format    Size (MB)

    1      Primary  Yes    0x96        600
    2      Primary  Yes    0x41          6
ok 
ok boot cdrom:2

Soit :

Boot device: /scsi/disk@2:2  Arguments: 
Rebooting in the correct mode for this client program ...

Type 'i' to interrupt stand-init sequence
...
Nothing there
scsi disk tape 
QEMU PReP/40p, Serial #0, 128 MiB memory installed
Open Firmware, built  April 13, 2019 09:29:23
Copyright (c) 1995-2000, FirmWorks.
Copyright (c) 2014,2017,2019 Artyom Tarasenko.

Rebooting with command: boot /pci/scsi@1/disk@2,0:2
Boot device: /pci/scsi@1/disk@2,0:2  Arguments: 

Après 1 minutes :

 ******* Please define the System Console. *******

Type a 1 and press Enter to use this terminal as the
  system console.
Pour definir ce terminal comme console systeme, appuyez
  sur 1 puis sur Entree.
Taste 1 und anschliessend die Eingabetaste druecken, um
  diese Datenstation als Systemkonsole zu verwenden.
Premere il tasto 1 ed Invio per usare questo terminal
  come console.
Escriba 1 y pulse Intro para utilizar esta terminal como
  consola del sistema.
Escriviu 1 1 i premeu Intro per utilitzar aquest
  terminal com a consola del sistema.
Digite um 1 e pressione Enter para utilizar este terminal
  como console do sistema.
  • Appuyer sur la touche [1] et valider par la touche [Entrée]

Soit :

>>>  1 Type 1 and press Enter to have English during install.
     2 Entreu 2 i premeu Intro per veure la instal�laci� en catal�.
     3 Entrez 3 pour effectuer l'installation en fran�ais.
     4 F�r Installation in deutscher Sprache 4 eingeben
        und die Eingabetaste dr�cken.
     5 Immettere 5 e premere Invio per l'installazione in italiano.
     6 Digite 6 e pressione Enter para usar Portugu�s na instala��o.
     7 Escriba 7 y pulse Intro para la instalaci�n en espa�ol.

    88  Help ?

>>> Choice [1]: 
  • Appuyer sur [1] pour que l'installation soit en Anglais.

Soit :

                      Welcome to Base Operating System
                      Installation and Maintenance

Type the number of your choice and press Enter.  Choice is indicated by >>>.

>>> 1 Start Install Now with Default Settings

    2 Change/Show Installation Settings and Install

    3 Start Maintenance Mode for System Recovery

    88  Help ?
    99  Previous Menu

>>> Choice [1]: 
  • Valider pour le choix par défaut en appuyant sur la touche [Entrée]

Soit :

                         Installation Warning

WARNING:  Base Operating System Installation may destroy or
impair recovery of data.  Before installing, you should back up
your system.

>>>  1  Continue with Install

    88  Help ?
    99  Previous Menu

>>> Choice [1]: 
  • Valider pour le choix par défaut en appuyant sur la touche [Entrée] pour commencer l'installation.

Soit :

                        Installing Base Operating System

If you used the system key to select SERVICE mode,
turn the system key to the NORMAL position any time before the 
installation ends.

        Please wait...

        Approximate     Elapsed time
     % tasks complete   (in minutes)

          2               0      Making paging logical volumes.                         
  • Pendant l'installation :
Filesets processed:  172 of 185
System Installation Time: 29 minutes       Tasks Complete: 87%

installp: APPLYING software for:
        bos.sysmgt.nim.client 5.1.0.50

. . . . . << Copyright notice for bos.sysmgt >> . . . . . . .
 Licensed Materials - Property of IBM

 5765E6100
   (C) Copyright International Business Machines Corp. 1993, 2003.

 All rights reserved.
 US Government Users Restricted Rights - Use, duplication or disclosure
 restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
. . . . . << End of copyright notice for bos.sysmgt >>. . . . 
  • Après quelques dizaines de minutes :
                        Installing Base Operating System

If you used the system key to select SERVICE mode,
turn the system key to the NORMAL position any time before the 
installation ends.

        Please wait...

        Approximate     Elapsed time
     % tasks complete   (in minutes)

          96               64      Creating boot image.  
  • A la fin :
The MAC address in the EEPROM is invalid
NVRAM

Nothing there
Nothing there
Nothing there
Nothing there
scsi disk tape 
QEMU PReP/40p, Serial #0, 128 MiB memory installed
Open Firmware, built  April 13, 2019 09:29:23
Copyright (c) 1995-2000, FirmWorks.
Copyright (c) 2014,2017,2019 Artyom Tarasenko.

Type any key to interrupt automatic startup
Boot device: /pci/ethernet  Arguments: 

Can't open boot device

ok 

Puis redémarrage automatique du système :

 Licensed Materials - Property of IBM

 5765E6100
   (C) Copyright International Business Machines Corp. 1985, 2003.
   (C) Copyright AT&T 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989.
   (C) Copyright Regents of the University of California 1980, 1982,
                                1983, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989.
   (C) Copyright BULL 1993, 2003.
   (C) Copyright Digi International Inc. 1988-1993.
   (C) Copyright Interactive Systems Corporation 1985, 1991.
   (C) Copyright ISQUARE, Inc. 1990.
   (C) Copyright Mentat Inc. 1990, 1991.
   (C) Copyright Open Software Foundation, Inc. 1989, 1994.
   (C) Copyright Sun Microsystems, Inc. 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991.

 All rights reserved.
 US Government Users Restricted Rights - Use, duplication or disclosure
 restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
Rebooting . . .

Puis :

RTC
MAC address
The MAC address in the EEPROM is invalid
NVRAM

Nothing there
Nothing there
Nothing there
Nothing there
scsi disk tape 
QEMU PReP/40p, Serial #0, 128 MiB memory installed
Open Firmware, built  April 13, 2019 09:29:23
Copyright (c) 1995-2000, FirmWorks.
Copyright (c) 2014,2017,2019 Artyom Tarasenko.

Type any key to interrupt automatic startup
Boot device: /pci/ethernet  Arguments: 

Can't open boot device

ok 

11/ Configuration du système.

  • Démarrer sur le système :
ok boot disk

Soit :

Boot device: /scsi/disk@0,0:1  Arguments: 

Puis :

Saving Base Customize Data to boot disk
Starting the sync daemon
Starting the error daemon
System initialization completed.
Starting Multi-user Initialization
 Performing auto-varyon of Volume Groups 
 Activating all paging spaces 
0517-075 swapon: Paging device /dev/hd6 is already active.
/dev/rhd1 (/home): ** Unmounted cleanly - Check suppressed
/dev/rhd10opt (/opt): ** Unmounted cleanly - Check suppressed
 Performing all automatic mounts 
Multi-user initialization completed
Checking for srcmstr active...complete
Starting tcpip daemons:
0513-059 The syslogd Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 4168.
0513-059 The sendmail Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 4398.
0513-059 The portmap Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 4648.
0513-059 The inetd Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 4902.
0513-059 The snmpd Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 5160.
0513-059 The dpid2 Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 5418.
0513-059 The hostmibd Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 5676.
Finished starting tcpip daemons.
Starting NFS services:
0513-059 The biod Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 6712.
0513-059 The rpc.lockd Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 6974.
Completed NFS services.
  • Sélectionner le type de terminal :
                            Set Terminal Type 
The terminal is not properly initialized.  Please enter a terminal type 
and press Enter.  Some terminal types are not supported in 
non-English languages. 

     ibm3101          tvi912          vt330 
     ibm3151          tvi920          vt340 
     ibm3161          tvi925          wyse30 
     ibm3162          tvi950          wyse50 
     ibm3163          vs100           wyse60 
     ibm3164          vt100           wyse100 
     ibmpc            vt320           wyse350 
     lft              sun 

                      +-----------------------Messages------------------------
                      | If the next screen is unreadable, press Break (Ctrl-c)
    88  Help ?        | to return to this screen.
    99  Exit          | 
                      | 
>>> Choice []: 

Soit :

>>> Choice []: vt100
  • Accepter la licence en sélectionnant "Accept License Agreements" :
                          Software License Agreements

Move cursor to desired item and press Enter.

  Show Installed License Agreements
  Accept License Agreements

Soit :

                           Accept License Agreements

Type or select values in entry fields.
Press Enter AFTER making all desired changes.

                                                        [Entry Fields]
  ACCEPT Installed License Agreements                 yes                    +
  • A l'étape suivante :
                                 COMMAND STATUS

Command: OK            stdout: no            stderr: no

Before command completion, additional instructions may appear below.
  • Appuyer sur la touche [Echappe] + [0] pour passer à l'écran suivant :
                             Installation Assistant

Move cursor to desired item and press Enter.

  Set Date and Time
  Set root Password
  Set Installation Device
  Configure Network Communications
  Manage System Storage and Paging Space (rootvg)
  Manage Language Environment
  Create Users
  Define Printers
  Import Existing Volume Groups
  Install Software Applications
  Back Up the System
  Using SMIT (information only)
  Tasks Completed - Exit to Login

F1=Help             F2=Refresh          F3=Cancel           Esc+8=Image
Esc+9=Shell         Esc+0=Exit          Enter=Do   
  • Sortir vers l'invite, en sélectionnant "Tasks Completed - Exit to Login" pour valider en appuyant la touche [Entrée]

Soit :

AIX Version 5
(C) Copyrights by IBM and by others 1982, 2000.
Console login: 
  • Se connecter avec l'utilisateur 'root' et sans mot de passe :
AIX Version 5
(C) Copyrights by IBM and by others 1982, 2000.
Console login: root
*******************************************************************************
*                                                                             *
*                                                                             *
*  Welcome to AIX Version 5.1!                                                *
*                                                                             *
*                                                                             *
*  Please see the README file in /usr/lpp/bos for information pertinent to    *
*  this release of the AIX Operating System.                                  *
*                                                                             *
*                                                                             *
*******************************************************************************

# 
  • Afficher le nom du système d'exploitation :
# uname -a
AIX localhost 1 5 000000004C00
  • Arrêter le système :
# shutdown -Fh

SHUTDOWN PROGRAM
Sun May  9 14:33:50 CDT 2021

Wait for '....Halt completed....' before stopping. 
Error reporting has stopped.
Process accounting has stopped.
nfs_clean: Stopping NFS/NIS Daemons
0513-004 The Subsystem or Group, nfsd, is currently inoperative.
0513-044 The biod Subsystem was requested to stop.
0513-044 The rpc.lockd Subsystem was requested to stop.
0513-004 The Subsystem or Group, rpc.statd, is currently inoperative.
0513-004 The Subsystem or Group, rpc.mountd, is currently inoperative.
0513-004 The Subsystem or Group, ypserv, is currently inoperative.
0513-004 The Subsystem or Group, ypbind, is currently inoperative.
0513-004 The Subsystem or Group, yppasswdd, is currently inoperative.
0513-004 The Subsystem or Group, ypupdated, is currently inoperative.
Stopping TCP/IP daemons: ndpd-host lpd routed gated sendmail inetd named timed rwhod iptrace dpid2 snmpd rshd rlogind telnetd syslogd
Removing TCP/IP lock files
0513-044 The hostmibd Subsystem was requested to stop.
0513-044 The qdaemon Subsystem was requested to stop.
0513-044 The writesrv Subsystem was requested to stop.
0513-044 The ctrmc Subsystem was requested to stop.
0513-044 The ctcas Subsystem was requested to stop.
0513-044 The IBM.ERRM Subsystem was requested to stop.
0513-044 The IBM.CSMAgentRM Subsystem was requested to stop.
0513-044 The IBM.AuditRM Subsystem was requested to stop.
All processes currently running will now be killed...
Unmounting the file systems...

Bringing down network interfaces: lo0
  • Quitter Qemu via [Ctrl] + [C] :
util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ ./qemu/ppc-softmmu/qemu-system-ppc -m 128 -M 40p -bios q40pofw-serial.rom -serial telnet::4441,server -hda aix5-hdd.qcow2 -vga none -nographic -net none -cdrom VOLUME1.iso
QEMU 3.0.92 monitor - type 'help' for more information
(qemu) qemu-system-ppc: -serial telnet::4441,server: info: QEMU waiting for connection on: disconnected:telnet:0.0.0.0:4441,server
qemu-system-ppc: terminating on signal 2

13/ Lancement de configuration réseau sur l'hôte.

networkinterface=`ip addr show | awk '/inet.*brd/{print $NF; exit}'`
sudo ip addr flush dev $networkinterface
sudo ip link set $networkinterface up
sudo ip link add name br0 type bridge

sudo ip link set $networkinterface master br0
sudo ip addr add 192.168.1.3/24 dev br0

sudo ip link set br0 up
sudo ip route add default via 192.168.1.1

sudo ip tuntap add tap0 mode tap
sudo ip link set tap0 up
sudo ip link set tap0 master br0

sudo brctl show
echo "nameserver 8.8.8.8" | sudo tee /etc/resolv.conf >/dev/null

14/ Lancer AIX.

util01@station66:~/VIRTU/AIX$ sudo ./qemu/ppc-softmmu/qemu-system-ppc -m 192 -M 40p -bios q40pofw-serial.rom -serial telnet::4441,server -hda aix5-hdd.qcow2 -vga none -nographic -L pc-bios  -cdrom VOLUME1.iso -net nic -net tap,ifname=tap0,script=no
QEMU 3.0.92 monitor - type 'help' for more information
(qemu) qemu-system-ppc: -serial telnet::4441,server: info: QEMU waiting for connection on: disconnected:telnet:0.0.0.0:4441,server
  • Sur un autre terminal, se connecter en Telnet :
util01@station66:~$ telnet 192.168.1.3 4441
Trying 192.168.1.3...
Connected to 192.168.1.3.
Escape character is '^]'.

Type 'i' to interrupt stand-init sequence
First stand-init:
Calibrate
CIF buffers
...
Copyright (c) 1995-2000, FirmWorks.
Copyright (c) 2014,2017,2019 Artyom Tarasenko.

Type any key to interrupt automatic startup
5 
ok
  • Démarrer sur le disque :
ok boot disk

Attendre quelques minutes :

Saving Base Customize Data to boot disk
Starting the sync daemon
Starting the error daemon
System initialization completed.
Starting Multi-user Initialization
 Performing auto-varyon of Volume Groups 
 Activating all paging spaces 
0517-075 swapon: Paging device /dev/hd6 is already active.
/dev/rhd1 (/home): ** Unmounted cleanly - Check suppressed
/dev/rhd10opt (/opt): ** Unmounted cleanly - Check suppressed
 Performing all automatic mounts 
Multi-user initialization completed
Checking for srcmstr active...complete
Starting tcpip daemons:
0513-059 The syslogd Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 4410.
0513-059 The sendmail Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 4652.
0513-059 The portmap Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 3380.
0513-059 The inetd Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 4902.
0513-059 The snmpd Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 5160.
0513-059 The dpid2 Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 5418.
0513-059 The hostmibd Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 5676.
Finished starting tcpip daemons.
Starting NFS services:
0513-059 The biod Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 6712.
0513-059 The rpc.lockd Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 6974.
Completed NFS services.
  • Le login s'affiche :
AIX Version 5
(C) Copyrights by IBM and by others 1982, 2000.
Console login: 0513-059 The ctrmc Subsystem has been started. Subsystem PID is 8518.

Appuyer sur la touche [Entrée] :

AIX Version 5
(C) Copyrights by IBM and by others 1982, 2000.
Console login: 
  • Taper le login 'root' :
Console login: root
*******************************************************************************
*                                                                             *
*                                                                             *
*  Welcome to AIX Version 5.1!                                                *
*                                                                             *
*                                                                             *
*  Please see the README file in /usr/lpp/bos for information pertinent to    *
*  this release of the AIX Operating System.                                  *
*                                                                             *
*                                                                             *
*******************************************************************************
Last login: Sun May  9 14:31:33 CDT 2021 on /dev/tty0

# 

aix1